- Bio-power accounts for 1.4 percent of total electricity generation in the United States.
- Current production of biomass is estimated at 15 million mega-watt hours of electricity annually.
- It is successful in generating more electricity than any other renewable energy source (except hydro-power).
- The use of bio-power reduces carbon dioxide emissions by 30 million tons annually.
- It prevents the release of greenhouse gases from organic waste, which would otherwise decompose in the open.
- By removing over 68.8 million tons of forest debris, the bio-power industry is successful in improving the health of forests and also reducing the risks of forest fires from occurring.
- Bio-power can produce a continuous and dependable flow of electricity 24 hours a day since it is not affected by the changes in weather conditions.
- The industry is responsible for creating 18,000 jobs!
- Bio-power is twice as effective at reducing greenhouse gas emissions as compared to the other forms of renewable energy.
- It helps reduce the dependence on fossil fuels.
- It provides a clean and renewable source of power as compared to fossil fuels, which are responsible for contributing to global warming by releasing carbon into the atmosphere.
- It is considered to generate energy on demand since the energy can be stored until required.
- It also plays a very essential role in utilizing waste that would otherwise be dumped in landfills.
- It is responsible for creating jobs in many rural areas and is also successful in creating a diversified job market.
- High costs associated with bio-power compared to coal-based electricity.
- The low density of biomass fuels makes transportation and fuel production more expensive as compared to that of fossil fuels.
- Biomass power facilities tend to be small because of their dispersed nature. This makes it hard to compete with fuel-fired generating that are able to benefit from existing economic of scale.
- The fact that biomass is a land-intensive energy resource raises concern about the land use competition (production of food and other essential needs). If the use of dedicated biomass feedstock to generate bio-power were to develop into a sizable industry, concerns would likely include the effect of the industry on land use (i.e., how much land would it take to grow the crops needed to fuel or co-fuel power plants) and the effect on the broader economy, including farm income and food prices.